Belgrade

Pilot Site: BELGRADE

Partner in Trace in charge of the Pilot site: FTTE

About

Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia, the third largest city in Southeastern Europe, after Istanbul and Athens, and among the largest in Danubian Europe. It covers 3.6% of the territory of Serbia, and 24% of the country's population lives in the city. Belgrade is the central economic hub of Serbia, and the capital of Serbian culture, education and science.

Since the majority of the cars and transport problems are concentrated in the capital city, the project strategy is to propose targeted interventions in the Belgrade road transport sector, with the main objective of shifting trips to more sustainable modes such as public transport, car-pooling and non-motorised transport, while developing integrated land-use and transport strategies for the long term. However, according to the Newman – Kenworthy classification, Belgrade is a typical “public transport city”, with PT share of 53% in modal split. Belgrade has a monocentric urban form, with a highly concentrated Central Business District (CBD), although the area of New Belgrade is increasingly becoming a commercial hub. Nevertheless, compared with many other European cities of similar size, the bulk of jobs in Belgrade is in the CBD (32%). In addition, given the city’s geography, with the Sava and Danube flowing just beyond the edge of the city centre, traffic into the CBD faces bottlenecks at the 3 main bridges from New Belgrade.

Belgrade’s sustainable urban mobility goals

  • Strong focus on the attractiveness and competitiveness of the collective passenger public transport system: keep its share at the current high level of 53%
  • To contain the growth of private car: reducing private car traffic
  • To valorise the use of cycling and walking for regular travel displacements, integrating them in the transport and mobility system, in order to increase the share of walking & cycling
  • To achieve a true balanced urban transport system as support to creating a livable city
  • To create a true intermodal system (where information, timetables, tariffs and organisation and institutional issues are really integrated).
  • Strong support for the promotion of sustainable mobility and social cohesion.

Activities in TRACE

The Positive Drive, Traffic Snake Game and Tracking for planning pilots will be implemented in Belgrade within the TRACE project. In recent years, Belgrade has initiated and implemented several significant projects related to this topic. Bicycle infrastructure is developing and cycling is promoted through different types of campaigns and events (Bike fest, European mobility week, Streets for Cyclist, Educational bicycle training program for schools, etc). Lately, cycling is getting recognition and acceptance among both professionals and politicians, but there is still no clear strategy for further development. Cycling growth is evident on streets but it is not followed by appropriate measures, regulation and legislation. As a consequence, there is a high accident rate, taking into account still low percentage of usage. Also there is a lack of data (counts, surveys) which makes difficult to draw conclusions and to convince decision makers. Implementing TRACE tools can improve these issues and thus contribute to the overall mobility in city.

Quick facts

Population: 1,659,440

Road network length:  3,650 km

Cycle paths length: around 70 km (in Master plan 342 km are planned)

Public transport (PT) modes: bus, tram, trolleybus, city rail, suburban rail, taxi