Pilot Site: Bologna

Partner in Trace in charge of the Pilot site: SRM Bologna


Located in the northern part of Italy, Bologna is the capital of the Emilia-Romagna Region. The city is a very important node for train transportation (many major train lines cross Bologna), as well as for highways, and more recently air transportation. In the last few years many efforts have been done on tourism, the city was the European capital of culture in 2000 and a UNESCO “city of music” in 2006. Bologna is also renowned for its university established in 1088, the oldest in the world,  which is spread all over the city and attracts about 80,000 students every year.

The main challenges related to mobility in Bologna are mostly linked to the accessibility of the city centre, the improvement of public transport and the promotion of cycling. The so called “Di nuovo in centro” (back to the centre) programme foresees a set of measures on accessibility aiming to dedicate new spaces to pedestrians and cyclists, on public transport with the renewal of the fleet circulating in the centre, and on specific cycling related measures, with notably the construction of a cycling ring-road around the city centre and improvement to the bike sharing systems and bike parking.

Bologna’s sustainable urban mobility goals

  • In May 2012 the three main roads of the historical centre - the so called T-zone, 20.000sqm area - were pedestrianized during weekends and bank holidays
  • In September 2015 the “Tangenziale delle Biciclette”  (Bicycle Ring Road) has been completed, a 8km cycle lane along the avenues surrounding the old city centre of Bologna, allowing the paths and routes from the different parts of the city to link to the centre and hence creating a continuous network for cyclists.
  • An important project called “Safe home-school trips” is under implementation by the City of Bologna and consists in improving walking infrastructure in order to make the path safer for pupils and students;
  • In the last few years other areas in the city centre have been pedestrianized, and new cycle lanes have been created in the city.

Activities in TRACE

In TRACE, Bologna will implement the Traffic Snake Game and the Cycle to Shop Incentives. Beside the recent improvement of cycling and walking infrastructures, it is important to work also on people's cultural and behavioural aspects. The Traffic Snake Game is a perfect tool to teach young people that walking and cycling are means of transportation that can efficiently replace car for the small trip from home to school.  Its combination with the “Safe home-school trips” project can be a win-win solution to encourage pupils (and their parents) to leave car at home and experience a greener and more sustainable way to go to school.

In recent years the number of cycle shops has increased a lot, thanks to the increasing number of cyclists in the city.

Quick facts:

Population:  386,181 inhabitants

Cycle paths length:  (update 2014)

  1. Cycle lanes: 112.0 km
  2. Naturalistic path: 32.3 km
  3. Bus lanes open to cyclists: 9.1 km

Walking paths length: 38 kilometers of porticoes (arcades) built during a long historic period (this system of arcades is under evaluation to become part of the UNESCO world heritage) and a pedestrianized area in Bologna equal to 110,514 square meter

Public transport (PT) modes:  buses and trolleybuses for urban TP, buses and trains for metropolitan PT system