Pilot Site: Luxemburg / Esch

Partner in Trace in charge of the Pilot site: LuxMobility

The South of Luxembourg can be considered as one of the most active regions in terms of economy. The two main economic urban zones are the city of Luxembourg and Belval, located on the territory of the city of Esch-sur-Alzette. Most of the about 600 thousand residents live in this part of the country.

The City of Luxembourg has about 107 thousand inhabitants. From the nineteen sixties on Luxembourg developed an important banking and related service sector. It has at present one of the highest GDP per capita in the world. The city is the seat of several institutions of the European Union, including the European Court of Justice, the European Court of Auditors, the Secretariat of the European Parliament, the European Investment Bank, the European Investment Fund, and the European Stability Mechanism.

The former steel factory at Belval dominates the city of Esch-sur-Alzette (34 thousand inhabitants). Following the abandoning of the local steel production, an extensive regeneration program was set up to help the site and country’s economy to diversify beyond steel production. The redevelopment plan of the site included the creation of a new Luxembourgish scientific and cultural center. The  implantation of the University of Luxembourg, Luxinnovation (National agency for innovation and research) and LIST (Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology) at the Belval site were part of the plan. Belval is also the location of the Rockhall, Luxembourg's largest music venue. The Rockhall opened in 2005. As a result of the redevelopment Belval is becoming the 2nd  most important activity center of Luxembourg.

In total 27.5% of mobility within the country is done with sustainable means of transport (i.e. public transport, walking and cycling). The city of Luxembourg has the highest modal share for sustainable modes. In the area of Esch-sur-Alzette/ Belval this is a little lower. There is a good train connection between the Luxembourg city center and the Belval site. 

Over 30% of the car traffic in Luxembourg is cross border. Almost 60% of the country’s workforce is commuting daily between Luxembourg and neighboring regions in Belgium, France and Germany. Only 7% of that daily cross-border commuting is done by public transport (i.e. bus and train).

Luxembourg/ Esch sustainable urban mobility goals

The objective is to have by 2020 a 25% modal share for the soft modes (walking and cycling). Public transport should cater for 19% of modality by that time.

The four objectives for sustainable mobility are described in the National Transport Strategy (MODU, 2012) and are:

  1. Improve the coordination between territorial development and mobility;
  2. Reduce the share of motorized transport by improving the infrastructure and promotion of non-motorized means of commuting, especially for short-distance trips;
  3. Offer more attractive transport by prompting users to perform more of their motorized travel via public transport on the longer trips;
  4. Promote an alternative use of the car.

Luxembourg city and Esch-sur-Alzette are indicated as the territories of economic attractiveness and demographic growth. In Luxembourg city the increased offer of an attractive public transport consists of a complete reorganization of the public transport infrastructure with as main focus the construction of a tramline connecting the central station with the Kirchberg (first phase). It also includes the construction of a multimodal train station at the “Pont rouge”, allowing for direct public transport connections for cross-border commuters with the main business center of the city (i.e. Kirchberg) . An important bicycle network is developed. Better train connections and bus corridors will be developed in Esch/ Belval.

Activities in TRACE

In Luxembourg/ Esch the Positive Drive and Cycle to Shop tools will be tested. They will allow to better understand the precise usage of the local infrastructure and mobility offer, yet also contribute to a more sustainable mobility and in-sight in how the objective of 25% of modal share for cycling and walking could be obtained.

Quick facts
  • Population: Luxembourg 600.000/ Luxembourg city 107.000/ Esch sur Alzette 34.000
  • Road network length:  Luxembourg city 287.6 km.(excluding local routes)Esch sur Alzette 117 km (excluding local routes)
  • Cycle paths length:  Luxembourg 600 km (national Network), Luxembourg ville 152 km
  • Walking paths length: Both Luxembourg and Esch-sur-Alzette have a pedestrian zone in the city centre
  • Public transport (PT) modes: train, local, sub-urban and regional bus